Atherosclerosis is a disease that leads to severe heart disorders, heart attacks and / or strokes. Risk factors for atherosclerosis are uncontrollable cholesterol, smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity and sedentary lifestyle.
First controllable risk factor for atherosclerosis is to have high cholesterol. High cholesterol is dangerous because having indirectly increases the risk of developing heart disease. If your cholesterol is high, which reduces can add many years without disease in your life.
Blood cholesterol levels
To see if your cholesterol levels is high, you should have your Lipid Panel (Cholesterol Test) checked. All adults should have their cholesterol at least every 5 years. You should have checked more often if you have already received a diagnosis of high cholesterol.
A complete blood cholesterol test is called a group of lipid or lipoprotein profile. Before the test, you must fast for at least 9 hours. The lipid panel checks your total cholesterol, LDL (bad cholesterol), HDL (good cholesterol) and triglycerides (blood fats).
Results Lipid panel
Your goal should be to have:
- Total cholesterol below 200 mg / dL
- LDL less than 100 mg / dL
- HDL of greater than 60 mg / dL
- Triglycerides less than 150 mg / dl
You can actively improve your cholesterol levels with lifestyle changes.
1. Nutrition: decrease in saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol and total calories in your diet will help you reduce your total cholesterol, LDL and triglycerides.
2. Activity: Increasing your physical activity will help you increase your HDL and lower your LDL.
3. Weight Loss: Changing your diet and increasing your activity will help you lose weight. Weight loss more help lower your total cholesterol, LDL and triglycerides while increasing your HDL.